Volcanic ash used dating fossils
These rocks normally form relatively horizontal, parallel layers, with younger layers forming on top.If a fossil is found between two layers of rock whose ages are known, the fossil’s age is thought to be between those two known ages.
Strata are differentiated from each other by their different colors or compositions and are exposed in cliffs, quarries, and river banks.The deeper layers are older than the layers found at the top, which aids in determining the relative age of fossils found within the strata. Such index fossils must be distinctive, globally distributed, and occupy a short time range to be useful.Misleading results can occur if the index fossils are incorrectly dated.Stratigraphy and biostratigraphy can in general provide only relative dating (A was before B), which is often sufficient for studying evolution.This is difficult for some time periods, however, because of the barriers involved in matching rocks of the same age across continents.
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Each of them typically exists in igneous rock, or rock made from cooled magma.